Minangkabau or Minang ethnic group who speak and uphold the Archipelago of Minangkabau adat. Areas include West Sumatra adherent culture, half of mainland Riau, northern, western part of Jambi, North Sumatra, southern, southwest of Aceh, and also Negeri BengkuluSembilan in Malaysia. In ordinary conversation, people often identified as the person the Minang Padang, referring to the name of the West Sumatra provincial capital Padang. Minang very peculiar customs, which are characterized by their kinship system through women or matrilineal lines, although culture is very strong also marked the religious teachings of Islam. Currently Minang society is matrilineal society adherents of the world's largest. In addition, ethnicity has also been implementing a proto-democratic systems since the pre-Hindu customs by the density to determine important matters and legal issues. Minangkabau adat principles contained in the brief statement basandi syara Indigenous ', syara' basandi Kitabullah (Indigenous

bersendikan law, legal bersendikan the Al-Qur'an) which means the customs based on Islamic teachings. Minangkabau is very prominent in the field of commerce, as professionals and intellectuals. They are distinguished from the heir to the old tradition of the Malays and the kingdom of Srivijaya, who liked to trade and dynamic. Nearly half the total number of members of this tribe is in overseas. Minang overseas generally live in large cities, like Jakarta, Bandung, Pekanbaru, Medan, Batam, Palembang, and Surabaya. Outside the territory of Indonesia, Minang tribe numerous in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia and Singapore.

Minang tribe has a distinctive cuisine popularly known as Padang cuisine, and is very popular in Indonesia and even overseas.

Lagu-Lagu Minang
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Minangkabau name comes from two words, Minang and kabau. The name was associated with a typical Minang legend known as tambo. From the legend, reputedly at one time there was one foreign empire (usually interpreted as Majapahit) who came from the sea will make the conquest. To prevent the fighting, local people propose to contest the buffalo. Approve foreign troops and supplies a large buffalo and aggressive, while the local community to provide a baby buffalo who are hungry to be given a knife on his horns. In battle, the baby buffalo was thinking big buffalo is the parent and wanted to breastfeed the child's direct small buffalo horn and shredded buffalo stomach big. The victory inspired the local community take the name of the Minangkabau.

For the Minangkabau name itself, has also been used to refer to a village, ie of Nagari Minangkabau, which is located in the district Sungayang, Tanah Datar district, West Sumatra province. In the annals of the kingdom of Majapahit, 1365 AD Nagarakertagama bertarikh, also has no mention Minangkabwa name as one of the Malays who Defeat of the country.

While the name "Minang" itself also has been mentioned in the inscription of the bertarikh Kedukan Hill 682 AD and speaking Sanskrit. In the inscription it was stated that the founder of the kingdom of Sriwijaya named Dapunta Hyang starting from "Minānga". Some experts refer to the source of the inscription was suspected, said line 4 (... minānga) and 5th (tāmvan. ...) is actually incorporated, thereby becoming mināngatāmvan and translated with the meaning of the twin rivers. Twin River is thought to refer to the meeting (appointment) of two sources of Kampar River, namely Sungai Kampar Kanan Kiri and Sungai Kampar. But this argument was rebutted by Casparis, which proves that "tāmvan" nothing to do with "Intersection", because the word retrieval and estuaries are also found in the inscriptions of other relics of the era of Sriwijaya. Therefore Minanga word stands alone and is identical with the mention of Minang itself.

Minang tribe is part of the community Deutro Malays (Melayu Muda) who migrated from South China's mainland to the island of Sumatra, around 2500-2000 years ago. It is estimated that these communities enter from the east of the island of Sumatra, along the Kampar river to the plateau called darek hometown and become the Minangkabau. Some areas of this darek then form a kind of confederation known as luhak, hereinafter referred to also by the name Luhak nan Tigo, which consists of Luhak Limo Puluah, Luhak Agam, Tanah Datar and Luhak. Then, in line with population growth and development, Minangkabau society continues to spread to other areas as well darek established some specific areas to shoreline areas.


Minangkabau have a variety of attractions and the arts, like dance, usually displayed in custom and wedding party. Among these dances such as dance is a dance that is played pasambahan intended as a welcome greeting or an expression of respect to the special guests who just arrived, then dance the plate is a form of dance with quick movement of the dancers, holding the plate in each hand , accompanied by a song played by Talempong and saluang.

Silek or Minangkabau Silat is a traditional martial art of this tribe that has developed since long. In addition, there are unisex dance mixed with silek called Randai. Ordinary Randai accompanied by song or also called sijobang, in this Randai there are also performing (acting) based on the scenario.

In addition, the Minangkabau are also prominent in the art of words. There are three genres of art for words, namely pasambahan (offerings), Indang, and salawat platter. Art for words or tongue, to put forward the word satire, allegory, parables, allegories, metaphors, and aphorism. In the art of words a person is taught to defend the honor and dignity, without the use of fission weapons and contacts